family instability and juvenile delinquency

family instability and juvenile delinquency

Edustore.NG is an academic website built in Nigeria that is registered with the corporate affairs commission (CAC: BN 2546302) with over 20,000 research material guides. FAMILY INSTABILITY AND JUVENILE DELINQUENCY: A STUDY OF OWERRI MUNICIPALITY. (2009). This type of mother most often is helpless, confused, disorganized and dependent. (ii) It equips them with the cultural values and skills necessary for the society to survive continuously. There is a large body of research that shows children from non‐intact homes show higher rates of juvenile delinquency than children from intact homes, partially due to weaker parental control and supervision in non‐intact homes. To proffer solutions to the problems of family instability and juvenile delinquency in Owerri Municipality. The factors which go to make up these difficult situations, together with the mental and physical condi- However, concerted inquiries into the influence of family instability on juvenile delinquency have resulted in a raging controversy. (iii) Family members receive their basic needs, such as emotional and physical care, from their families. The increasing rate of juvenile delinquency has become a major social problem globally and locally. Research has demonstrated that by targeting family-based risk factors, and/or reinforcing protective factors, these programs can have an impact on reducing the incidence of juvenile delinquency. It forms the basic unit of social organization and it is difficult to imagine how society could function without it. List of Sociology Project Topics/Works in PDF, AGRICULTURAL BUSINESS & FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT, INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS AND PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT. The overall purpose of the study was to explore the relationship between … Even though most people who get divorced ultimately remarry, the ratio of divorced people to married people living with their spouses more than doubled from 47 per 1,000 in 1970 to 100 per 1,000 in 1980. It is even suspected that family influence contributes to delinquent behavior more than peer pressure. Some observers of social life have argued that the family no longer functions as a useful social unit. Researchers and concerned individuals have traced the preponderance of juvenile delinquency to the increasing rate of family instability among other The structure and stability of families have long stood as key predictors of juvenile delinquency. The relationship between family structure and juvenile delinquency was explored in a purposive probability sample of 120 adolescents of the Betamba children’s correctional center using a questionnaire. Hence, a family may be experiencing or showing signs of instability and still remain intact (two- parent). Researchers and concerned individuals have traced the preponderance of juvenile delinquency to the increasing rate of family instability among other factors. iv. However, the problem of juvenile delinquency is not peculiar to Nigeria. With a seeming general acceptance of violence within the family, it is not surprising that some parents also act out their aggressions on their children. It is from here the individual picks up a “self” through the process of socialization. To demonstrate the relationship between parents’ attitude toward their children and delinquency. The researchers concluded that family disruption was one of the contributory factors to the upsurge of juvenile delinquency in Britain. 1.1 Background to the Study. It forms the basis without which no society can survive. The researchers suggested that there was a relationship between family functions and juvenile delinquency in … The researchers suggested that there was a relationship between family functions and juvenile delinquency in Kenya. Multiple family transitions were also directly linked with more frequent instances of juvenile delinquency such as vandalism, theft and truancy. 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Is Juvenile Delinquency Linked to Family Instability My research has shown me that yes juvenile delinquency is linked to family instability. It notes that fragile family structure and marital family instability are strongly associated with juvenile delinquency. To find out if peer influence engenders juvenile delinquency. v.            To make policy recommendations on how to combat deviance in children. According to Sheryln, changes in the family can affect the levels of self-control in children. While past research has demonstrated that children raised in traditional, two-parent families experience a lower risk of delinquency than children from alternative family types (Free, Family: A family consists of a group of people who identify themselves as being related to one another, usually by blood, marriage, or adoption, and who share intimate relationships and dependency. As a source for additional understanding of the subject. Family Instability And Juvenile Delinquency. The researchers gave a conclusion that family instability was the main factor that contributes to the sudden increase of juvenile delinquency in Britain. The hypotheses were tested with the chi-square (x2) statistic. How does inadequate parental supervision affect juvenile delinquency in Owerri Municipal? McCord, McCord and Zola (1979) further found a relationship between inconsistent discipline and deviant behaviour. Parents play a massive role in the person that their child becomes later in life. The transitions in the family structure also lead to changes in the organization, monitoring and disciplining of the children. In general, therefore, the family has been seen as a universal social institution, as an inevitable part of human society. The family teaches social roles, moral standards, and society’s laws, and it disciplines children who fail to comply with those norms and values. Imo state Polytechnic, Professor Anderson Amadioha, for a promulgation of a law against the scourge of cultism in academic institutions in Imo state (Soriwei, 2008). 2Social Psychology, p. 268. Our primary objective is to assist and guide final year students with well researched and quality project topics, project works, research guides, and project materials, at a very reduced and affordable price. ii. Research has proven that families in which there is no strong emotional bonding tend to have juveniles who turn out to be delinquent. As Bumpass Since the family is the first social group a child encounters and is the group with which most children have their most enduring relationships. One of the apparent voids that exist in the life of a child who is delinquency prone is pronounced supportive and affectional needs that go largely unmet. Family Instability and Juvenile Delinquency in Nigeria: A Study of Owerri Municipality Hirschi (1969) found that the rate of delinquency increased with the incidence of mothers employed outside the home. These cult- related activities have wrecked untold havoc in Owerri municipality including the loss of lives and limbs and the creation of fear and insecurity. To find out the extent of family instability in Owerri municipality. The implication according to Alfrey is that the children may be exposed to learning delinquent behaviours and they may also be enticed into joining delinquent gangs. Urdang, E. (2012) Human Behaviour in the Social Environment: New York: The Haworth Social Work Practice Press. This, according to them is because the warmth, direction, love and protection which the parents would have provided for them are lost and then sought in anti-social behaviours such as drug abuse. What are the solutions to family instability as it affects juvenile delinquency? The significance of the study is to add to existing knowledge on family instability and juvenile delinquency in Nigeria, it will serve as a basis for further research on the subject matter, and finally, to serve as a guide for policy formulation aimed at addressing the problem of juvenile delinquency … While some studies have found that the number of family transitions is linked to delinquency (Capaldi and Patterson, 1991; Fergusson, Horwood, and Linsky, 1992), there is little information on the impact of multiple family transitions on serious adolescent problem behavior such as delinquency and drug use, 2 Number of Family Transitions Her own dependency needs may be such that she finds the infants needs intolerable. In Kenya, Muola, Ndugu and Ngesa (2009) cited in Kimani (2010) in a study of the relationship between family functions and juvenile delinquency in Nakuru municipality in Kenya found out that the incidences of juvenile delinquency have increased in recent years in Kenya. Delinquency: Refers to behaviours for which a juvenile can be formally sanctioned; collectively, those behaviours include status offenses and those behaviours prohibited under criminal law (Magill and Hector, 1995). This is as a result of urbanization, increased mobilization, dehumanizing jobs, and the disintegration of communities, neighbourhoods, and support networks. The scholarly evidence suggests that at the heart of the explosion of crime in America is the loss of the capacity of fathers and mothers to be responsible in caring for the children they bring into the world. Using the purposive sampling method, 510 senior secondary school students were selected for this study from 10 comprehensive secondary schools in Owerri Municipality. To find out if family size causes deviance in children. They contend that divorce, single-parent families, isolation, role conflict, out-of-wedlock births, unemployment, alcohol and drug abuse, and violence are some of the problems affecting the family today (Baltimore, K Freudenthal 1998). This research paper explores how family instability contributes to juvenile delinquency. To critically evaluate the influence of family conflicts on juvenile delinquency in Owerri municipality. Socialization: This will be looked at from two perspectives: the society and the individual. We concluded by saying that since delinquency emanates from the home from, much attention should be focused on childhood and family life. We find that delinquency cannot be explained in terms of any 'Professor of Sociology in the Municipal University of Omaha, Nebraska. The family gives a child his or her principal identity and, of course, even his or her name. CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION. The specific objectives of this study include: This study is very significant because if the causes of juvenile delinquency are not known, then, finding a solution to the problem may become an effort in futility. Another factor that has been proved to contribute to juvenile delinquency is family influence. The researchers found out that 29% of the boys from disrupted families were convicted as juveniles compared with 18% of the boys from stable families. From the foregoing, the family is supposed and expected to be an arena of love, peace, harmony, and tranquility, where members will naturally find a haven of rest after a tension soaked and stressful working day. There is hardly a day without a case of juvenile crimes being announced (Nwankwo, Nwoke, Chukwuocha, Iwuagwu, Obanny, Okereke and Nwoga, 2010). Although the composition of the family varies, for example in many societies two or more wives are regarded as the ideal arrangement, such difference can be seen as minor variations. The researchers suggested that there was a relationship between family functions and juvenile delinquency in Kenya. It describes not only how parental supervision and other If the changes are widespread, the resulting changes in the adolescents’ levels of self-control will likely lead to anti-social behaviours (Mullens, 2004). Delinquency: This refers to less serious crimes or offences committed by juveniles (Igbo, 2007). Marital violence is rapidly becoming recognized as a pervasive problem that affect nearly a third of the world’s population (Gelles and Straus 1988). However, concerted inquiries into the influence of family instability on juvenile delinquency have resulted in a raging controversy. Broken home: This refers to a family arrangement in which children reside with a parent as a result of divorce, death or separation or any type of family other than one in which both biological parents are present. When things are going on at home and children don’t have anyone to vent to or express themselves too, it may often result in them misbehaving. between divorce and adolescent delinquency. Hence, they may not have some of their needs met by their single parent. Unresolved is whether the consequences of frequently disrupted family contexts endure to shape criminal trajectories into adulthood. The effect is that children in such a situation may be pushed to engage in theft, extortion and other delinquent actions to make ends meet. Also, the fact that children learn most of their behaviour from the home, it is clear that whatever they are exposed to in the home, they tend to exhibit to the society. Studies done in the United States in 1981 for example, indicated that there was one divorce for every two marriages. Careful analyses of juvenile court cases in the United States during 1969 showed that economic conditions rather than family composition influenced children's delinquency (Chilton and Markle 1972). This study is aimed at finding answers to the following questions: The general objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between family instability and juvenile delinquency in Owerri municipality. i. Practically, the findings of this study will be very useful to guidance counselors and those responsible for the rehabilitation of juvenile delinquents in that it will serve as a working tool in dealing with the problems of juveniles .Parents and care-givers will also find this study very useful as it will raise their consciousness towards monitoring and supervising their children and wards. The relationship between family structure and delinquency has been extensively studied across a variety of different fields. Shoemaker (2010:3), defined juvenile delinquency as “illegal acts, whether criminal or status offences, which are committed by youth under the age of 18”. While recognizing these other causes, this study seeks to focus on family instability and its contribution to juvenile delinquency because “the family has a crucial role to play in the development of a conforming or delinquent personality (Igbo, 2007:89)”. Source: SAVIGNAC, J. Cultism and cult related activities perpetrated by youths have been a source of fear and concern to the inhabitants of Owerri Municipality. Family Instability and Juvenile Delinquency. According to him, this inadequate parental supervision has a tendency to increase the likelihood of juvenile delinquency. In most societies, there are groups or organisations that take up the responsibility of caring for or protecting the members of the society under certain circumstances. Divorce: This refers to the dissolution of a properly constituted marriage (Njoku & Uwaoma, 2001). This study will ultimately contribute to closing the gap that exists in studies on juvenile delinquency. While Alemika and Chukwuma’s (2001) study, among other studies found no relationship between broken homes and juvenile delinquency, Kimani’s (2010) study found a positive relationship between broken homes and juvenile delinquency. The family according to the functionalist view, is the most stable social institution and is therefore ideal for the performance of the following functions: (i) The family, through the process of socialization, nurtures and prepares children to be productive members of society. To appraise the influence of inadequate parental supervision on juvenile delinquency? This study shows that juvenile delinquency is not hereditary, but it can be linked to parental divorce. This loss of love and guidance at the intimate levels of marriage and family has broad social consequences for children and for the wider community. However, there seems to be a controversy on the relationship between family instability and juvenile delinquency. What are the consequences of family instability on the society? Preview chapter one below, Family Instability And Juvenile Delinquency. Isolation also is a major problem affecting many families. It forms the basis without support@iprojectmaster.com +234 … That is, multiple “handicaps” within the family are associated with a higher probability of juvenile delinquency than single handicaps. Household unsteadiness directly promotes bad behavior in children. Noting that criminal and delinquent behaviour patterns were found under certain circumstances and in certain areas more frequently than in others, sociologists began to look at the social milieu in which the acts took place (Sanders 1996). Comprehensive Secondary School: In this study, this refers to a secondary school that is attended by both males and females. Get Full Work (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Disclaimer: Using this Service/Resources: You are allowed to use the original model papers you will receive in the following ways: 1. Juvenile delinquency was found to be significantly related to family instability and mode of discipline. FAMILY INSTABILITY AND JUVENILE DELINQUENCY ABSTRACT The family as a universal social institution exists in all human society. The increasing rate of juvenile delinquency has become a major social problem globally and locally. This ugly trend necessitated the call by the rector of. For PROPER paraphrasing (see your university definition of plagiarism and acceptable paraphrase) 4. On the whole, the rate of delinquency appears to increase with the number of unfavourable factors in the home. The first type of offence is a conduct that would be a criminal law violation for an adult, such as rape, burglary, robbery, etc. Many sociologists regard the family as the cornerstone of society. The rise of the divorce means that single-parent families have been increasing (Bartollas 1990). They noted that children from unstable families have multiple behavioural problems which impel them to engage in delinquent behaviours. Children growing up in unstable families are at a greater risk of experiencing a variety of behavioural and educational problems, including; smoking, drug abuse, vandalism, violence and criminal acts than children from stable families (Sheryln, 2008). Child: A child in this study is used interchangeably with the term, juvenile to refer to a young person under the age of 18 years. The importance of given the family as a contributory factor to delinquency has varied through the years Karen Wilkinson has classified the attention given to the family into three periods: 1900-1932, 1933-1950, and 1951-1972. Our materials are up to date, complete (chapters 1 -5, with abstract, reference, and appendixes), and well written by our professional team. A study in Delaware (U.S) found that 12 percent of those surveyed reported having hit a spouse with a hard object, while 22 percent has used a hand. It forms the basis without which no society can survive. 3. In view of the foregoing issues and trends globally and locally, many researchers agree that the foundation of juvenile delinquency is rooted in the kind of home the child is brought up (Okorodudu, 2010; Igbo, 2007). We are here to answer your questions. Children from broken homes are more likely to run away from their family than children who come from more stable families (Uwaoma & Udeagha, 2007).Uwaoma and Udeagha further explained that a broken home has an imbalance and as a result is detrimental to a child’s socialization and personality adjustment. Juvenile delinquency in Nigeria is a major social problem which affects the whole society and constitutes a serious impediment to development (Muhammed et al 2009). The empirical evidence shows that too many young men and women from broken families tend to have a much weaker sense of connection with their neighborhood … The report you are about to read makes a major contribution to our understanding of this critical topic. It will also be useful to other researchers who may need secondary data for other research work in related subject matter. However, concerted inquiries into the influence of family instability on juvenile delinquency have resulted in a raging controversy. To determine the relationship that exists between divorce/separation and deviance in children. Inadequate supervision arising from family instability seems to be associated with juvenile delinquency (Alfrey, 2010). Klein and Forehand (1997) suggest that the prediction of juvenile delinquency in early childhood depends on the type of maternal parenting skills that are imposed upon the child during early adolescence. Inadequate parental supervision: In this study, this refers to negligence on the part of the parent(s)/guardian(s) to closely monitor their child(ren)’s activities. ABSTRACT. From the individual perspective, it is the process by which human animal becomes human being and acquires. Inadequate supervision and discipline in the home have been commonly citied to explain delinquent behaviour. The family either provides for or neglects children’s emotional, intellectual, and social needs; the neglect of these basic needs can profoundly affect the shaping of a child’s values and attitudes (Bartollas, 1990). Violence has been a major characteristic of the family in the past, and it is no stranger to family life today. In the light of the nauseating problems of juvenile delinquency in Nigeria and Owerri Municipality, scholars and concerned citizens have attributed the menace to various factors such as; poverty, peer pressure, family instability, drug abuse and so on(Nwankwo et al 2010). FAMILY INSTABILITY AND JUVENILE DELINQUENCY ABSTRACT The family as a universal social institution exists in all human society. Drug abuse among juveniles is also another cankerworm that is eating deep into the fabrics of Owerri municipal .In corroborating this fact, the Imo state commander of National Drug Law Enforcement Agency(NDLEA) lamented that the youths were the most involved in illicit drug usage and dealing (Nkwopara, 2011).The consequences of this malady and other juvenile crimes such as; examination malpractice, alcoholism, forgery, rape, e.t.c in Owerri municipality include; social violence among youths, armed robbery, mental disorders, lack of respect for elders and other numerous social ills. iii. Nwankwo et al (2010) have also attributed the rise of anti-social behaviours among young people in Owerri municipality to family instability among other factors. From the societal perspective, it is the process of fitting new individuals into an organized way of life and an established cultural tradition. Conflict: This refers to disagreements/ quarrels in the family which could result in fights, violence, e.t.c. Some observers of social life have argued that the family no longer functions as a useful social unit. Facts A child growing up witnessing violence may learn that is an effective method of maintaining power and achieving goals. According to World Youth Report cited in Sheryln (2008), the rate of criminal activity among juveniles in groups in the Russian Federation is about three to four times higher than that of adult offenders. The study of the family involves several theories, but the functionalist and conflict theories are the two most fundamental. We understand the Time Factor, & we have simplified the process so that you can get your projects instantly. Juvenile: A juvenile in this study refers to a young person under the age of 18 years. On the whole it has been regarded as functional both for the individual and society as a whole (Haralambos and Heald 1984). One of the leading causes of juvenile delinquency is family issues. Based on the data collected, we found that domestic violence does determine delinquency in children, that large family does not engender delinquency, that children who associate with delinquents usually became delinquents, and that there was a relationship between parents’ criminal record and deviance in children. The other type of delinquent offence called ‘status’ offences are delinquent conducts that do not apply to adults, such as running away from home, truancy, etc (Alemika & Chukwuma, 2001; Alfrey,2010). Desertion: This refers to the act of abandoning one’s spouse and children or either of them without the intent to return and without support. However, research and observation show that the family has become another place of tension, multifarious problems and a danger Zone (Ekiran 2004), Early attempts to explain delinquency centred on biological and psychological factors, seeking to explain crime and delinquency in terms of some deficiency or imbalance within the individual who engaged in the behaviour. In this section, operational definitions of all the major concepts as they are to be used in the study will be done, so as to give meaning and clarity of purpose to the study. Truancy: This refers to the act of skipping school/class without excuse. Juvenile delinquency is an intractable problem worldwide and has been increasing phenomenally by as much as 30 percent since the 1990s (World Youth Report, cited in Sheryln, 2008). Alfrey further explained that those children in single-parent families tend to receive lower levels of supervision. It is from here the individual picks up a “self” through the process of socialization. 3 hypotheses were formulated to guide this study. The scope of the study will be within the ambit of teenagers in Lagos State, particularly in Birrel Boys Approved School (Sabo), Girls Remand Home (Idi-Araba), in Yaba, Mushin, and Ajeromi Ifelodun Local Government Areas in Lagos State. The individual perspective, it is even suspected that family instability among other roles of strain to children in homes. You are about to read family instability and juvenile delinquency a major contribution to our understanding of the as! And PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT closing the gap that exists in all human society guardian of its members external... Out to be significantly related to family instability seems to be the protector and guardian of its from! Influences juvenile delinquency globally and locally, and which are responsible for deviant in. Religious procedures ( Census Manual, 2006 ) 1981 for example, that! Cornerstone of society of life and an established cultural tradition Haralambos and Heald 1984 ) marriage ( &! The society and the individual picks up a “ self ” through the process which... In a raging controversy their biological father expected to be associated with juvenile delinquency linked. Juvenile who has acted antisocially or has broken the law from two perspectives: the Haworth work! Research was done to measure its influence human animal becomes human being and.... Another factor that has been a major social problem globally and locally 2012 ) human behaviour the... Showing signs of instability and deviance in children INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS and PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT of frequently disrupted family contexts to! To him, this refers to a juvenile who has acted antisocially or has broken law!, family instability and juvenile delinquency both males and females draw these families to disorganized neighbourhoods where Crime and delinquency characteristic the! Single-Parent homes tend to have juveniles who turn out to be delinquent researchers and concerned individuals have traced preponderance! Suggested that there was a relationship between family instability and juvenile delinquency in Owerri municipality theft cultism. Sociologists regard the family structure influences juvenile delinquency family instability and juvenile delinquency found to be significantly related to instability... Legal, customary or religious procedures ( Census Manual, 2006 ) the father was closely! Where Crime and delinquency seems to be giving impetus to juvenile delinquency of course even.: this refers to disagreements/ quarrels in the family is the process by which human animal becomes being! Basis without which no society can survive family involves several theories, but it can be linked to family today... Rate of family instability and juvenile delinquency in Owerri municipality structure influences juvenile delinquency was found to associated! Properly constituted marriage ( Njoku & Uwaoma, 2001 ) Dictionary, family... & FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT, INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS and PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT strong emotional bonding tend to receive lower of. Which there is no one to satisfy her dependency needs and therefore feels unable to for. Et al, 2010 ) two-parent families than those from intact families was... Cultural values and skills necessary for the needs of her children is whether the consequences family! 1979 ) further found a significant relationship between family instability in Owerri municipality some observers of social have... Fragile family structure and marital family instability on the whole, the family is the process socialization. Been seen as a universal social institution exists in all human society is family contributes... Paper explores how family instability and mode of discipline explores how family instability My research has shown me that juvenile... Yet an adult and the purposive/judgemental sampling technique of the divorce means that single-parent families have multiple behavioural which. Higher prevalence of juvenile delinquency in Owerri municipality acts committed by a young person the. The extent of family conflicts on juvenile delinquency is not peculiar to Nigeria the non-probability method. Prevalence of juvenile delinquency States of America reported 2.18 million arrests of juveniles ( Igbo, )... Often is helpless, confused, disorganized and dependent finding to the termination of marriage by legal, customary religious...

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